Pregnant women should consider a diet based on bone broth or vegetables, a new report suggests.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends a vegetarian diet to help reduce the risk of anaemia, hypertension, diabetes and obesity during pregnancy.
However, there are also reports suggesting vegans can have a higher risk of developing diabetes, cardiovascular disease and obesity.
Dr Jane Goodall, from the University of Cambridge, said vegetarians can reduce their risk of heart disease, diabetes, cancer and obesity, but it was not clear if a vegetarian lifestyle was superior to a plant-based one.
“The key is to get a balanced diet, but that does not mean you can just switch off one of the nutrients you need to get your weight down,” she said.
I am not recommending a vegan diet for pregnant people because we do not know what it is in a vegan,” Dr Goodall told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme.
But the WHO says it does not recommend vegans for everyone, but advises that pregnant women should aim to consume no more than 30 per cent of their calories from animal products and 50 per cent from fish and shellfish.
There are a number of vegan food sources that can be good for pregnant and lactating women, including vegans who make the transition to vegan diets.
One of the key nutrients to look out for is iron, which is a key nutrient for a growing baby.
While iron is necessary for baby development, the WHO recommends women should avoid red meat, which contains high levels of arsenic and zinc.
Some pregnant women have also been advised to limit the amount of salt in their diets.
However, some vegan and vegetarian diet plans do include plenty of salt, which could be beneficial in pregnant women.
Pregnancy diet tips to help you get through the new year Dr Jane Goodalot, University of Liverpool and author of The Vegetarian Diaries article Eat a vegan or vegetarian diet and you are more likely to have a healthy baby.
Dr Goodalots team at the University’s Department of Food Science and Technology analysed the nutrition data from nearly 9,000 mothers in the UK and the US.
They found that vegans had a higher chance of having a healthy, full baby than did vegetarians, although the difference was not statistically significant.
For pregnant women who were vegans, they found the best dietary strategies were to reduce salt intake and reduce their consumption of processed foods.
This meant limiting their consumption from milk products to reduce their intake of dairy products and poultry, and avoiding processed foods like chips, cereal and cereals.
Dr Goodalotos team also found that the best way to prevent anaemia during pregnancy was to reduce the amount and frequency of iron supplements that were being taken, and to reduce red meat intake.
Vegan diets may also help to prevent heart disease and stroke, because the body’s iron stores are reduced during pregnancy, but this is not clear.
Dr David Stokes, a researcher at the UK’s Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, said that vegans can reduce the number of heart attacks, strokes and death.
He said: “The benefits of a vegetarian or vegan diet to pregnant women can be significant.
It is good for the mother to have access to a balanced, nutritious diet and a healthy diet that includes a healthy balance of salt and protein.
“Dr Goodall said the vegan diet could also help pregnant women maintain their baby’s weight.
It is also important to get plenty of vitamins and minerals, which are found in vegetables.
For pregnant women, it is important to have good dietary choices, and for women who are vegans or vegetarians to minimise their intake,” she added. “
We think it is not a diet for everyone.
For pregnant women, it is important to have good dietary choices, and for women who are vegans or vegetarians to minimise their intake,” she added.
She also said there were still some benefits of vegan diets, including lower rates of anaemic conditions such as diabetes and hypertension.
“There are also health benefits associated with eating a vegan, such as lower rates or even reduced rates of certain cancers, heart disease or osteoporosis,” she told the Today programme in an email.
“It is important that pregnant and breastfeeding women are aware of the risks associated with consuming a vegan and to understand that a vegan may not be the best choice for them.”
Dr David Goodaloti, a lecturer in nutrition and dietetics at the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, told Today: “Pregnant and lactational vegans may be at an increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes than other vegetarians and non-vegans, so we are working with the nutrition and nutrition policy team to understand the reasons behind this and to support